A day in Hong Kong
Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after the First Opium War (1839–42). Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Hong Kong’s population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups. Hong Kong’s Han Chinese majority originate mainly from the cities of Guangzhou andTaishan in the neighbouring Guangdong province. As one of the world’s leading international financial centres, Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and the currency, Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world. The lack of space caused demand for denser constructions, which developed the city to a centre for modern architecture and the world’s most vertical city. According to both UN and WHO estimates, Hong Kong has the second longest life expectancy of any country in the world. The name “Hong Kong” is an approximate phonetic rendering of the pronunciation of the spoken Cantonese or Hakka name “香港”, meaning “fragrant harbour”.